The Effect of Group Cognitive Behavioral Play Therapy Program on Self-Control among Late Childhood in Foster Care

Thienchai Ngamthipwatthana, Yanisa Kiattisirichai, Tikumporn Hosiri, Vichai Manussirivithaya


Objective: To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of group cognitive behavioral play therapy program on selfcontrol in foster care for late childhood.
Methods: The program was developed by researchers and validated by 3 experts, and consisted of one individual session and 14 group sessions. Twelve boys with age 8-10 years at Mahamek Home for Boys attended the 40-50 minutes group session twice a week for 7 consecutive weeks. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated pre and post- intervention by using Self-Control Skill in 5 Situational Test and externalizing domains in Thai Youth Checklist (TYC). Descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test, and qualitative analysis were used in data analysis.
Results: The participants were 12 boys with age 8-10 years at Mahamek Home for Boys. They were studying primary education in public school and were fostered because of poverty, abandonment, and abuse. Comparison of changes between pre and post-intervention scores revealed increment in mean score of Self-Control Skill in 5 Situational Tests with p-value at 0.267, related to decrement in mean score of overall externalizing behavior problems in TYC with p-value at 0.086. Examined score
in sub-domains of TYC found statistical decrease in aggression with p-value at 0.028 (p. <.05) as well as decrease in delinquency and impulsivity with p-value at 0.257 and 0.146, but found slightly increased immaturity domain with p-value at 0.892.
Conclusion: The program was effective in reducing aggressive behavior and had a tendency to improve self-control skill among 8-10 years old children in a foster care. However, the effectiveness of the program in long-term needs to be further investigated.


Self-control; group cognitive behavioral play therapy; late-childhood; foster child

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